Crecimiento económico y distribución del ingreso en Perú

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Resumen

This article analyzes the causal determinants of income distribution in Peru (IDP) during the period 1985-2017. There is empirical evidence suggesting that the GDP per capita and the slowed and unsustained economic growth of the economy have negatively impacted IDP. This can be conceptualized as a W-shaped causal relationship, in contrast to Kuznets' inverted-U hypothesis, thus reflecting a dual economy with productivity differences, low levels of human capital, and institutional weakness. This article contributes to the debate by making several recommendations, namely: balancing the market-state-society relationship with free-market and non-rentier economic policies, human capital investment policies, innovation and technology, and strengthening the social capital (geared towards endogenous economic growth) of inclusive and sustainable human development.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEconomic growth and income distribution in Peru
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)79-107
Número de páginas29
PublicaciónProblemas del Desarrollo
Volumen52
N.º205
DOI
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2021

Palabras clave

  • Economic growth
  • Gini coefficient
  • Human capital 1985-2017
  • Income distribution
  • Peru

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